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Income Tax Slab in India: New Income Tax Slab for FY 2023-24

By : Bajaj Allianz Life

A new tax regime was introduced in the 2020 budget. The regime had lower tax rates for higher incomes and allowed taxpayers to choose between the existing tax slabs and the newly introduced slabs. Moreover, in the Union Budget 20231,$, changes have been made to the new tax regime while the old regime stayed the same. The new regime has been made all the more attractive with increased tax rebate limits, lower rates and introduction of standard deduction which was previously disallowed. Taxpayers can choose the old regime or the new regime depending on which one would give them a lower tax liability. The new changes in the new regime, introduced in the Union Budget 2023$, would be applicable from the financial year 2023-241.

However, when choosing between the old and the new tax regimes, you need to understand the concept of income tax slabs and how different slabs affect your tax liability. So, let’s understand.


What is The Income Tax Slab?


The income tax slab defines the tax rates applicable at different income levels. The tax slab categorizes taxpayers into different groups, based on their income, and then shows the tax rate applicable on their income.

In India, the tax slab is designed in a progressive system. This means that individuals with low incomes pay a lower amount of tax while high-income individuals pay a higher amount of tax.

Moreover, after the introduction of the new tax regime in 20201, there are two tax slabs in India – the tax slab under the old regime and the tax slab under the new regime. The slab under the new regime has undergone further changes in the Union Budget 20231,$ and the tax rates have changed.


Income Tax Slab Rates for FY 2023-24


For the financial year 2023-24, the income tax slabs under the old and the new regime are given below –

Old tax regime

For individuals aged below 60 and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs)1

Income level Tax rate
Up to Rs.2,50,000 Nil
Rs.250,001 to Rs.5,00,000 5%
Rs.500,001 to Rs.10,00,000 20%
Rs.10,00,001 and above 30%

For individuals in the 60-to-80-year age group2

Income level Tax rate
Up to Rs.300,000 Nil
Rs.300,001 to Rs.500,000 5%
Rs.500,001 to Rs.10,00,000 20%
Rs.10,00,001 and above 30%

For super senior citizens, aged 80 years and above2

Income level Tax rate
Up to Rs.5,00,000 Nil
Rs.5,00,001 to Rs.10,00,000 20%
Rs.10,00,001 and above 30%

New tax regime

The new tax regime, introduced in 2020, defined the following tax slab which is applicable for the financial year 2022-23 –

New regime tax slab, pre-Budget 20232

Income level Tax rate
Up to Rs.2,50,000 Nil
Rs.2,50,001 to Rs. 5,00,000 5%
Rs.5,00,001  to Rs.7,50,000 10%
Rs.7,50,001  to Rs.10,00,000 15%
Rs.10,00,001 to Rs.12,50,000 20%
Rs.12,50,001 to Rs.15,00,000 25%
Rs.15,00,000 and above 30%

However, in the Union Budget 2023$, the tax slab has been changed and is as follows –

New regime tax slab, post-Budget 20232,$

Income Tax rate
Up to Rs.3,00,000 Nil
Rs.3,00,001  to Rs.6,00,000 5%
Rs.6,00,001  to Rs.9,00,000 10%
Rs.9,00,001 to Rs.12,00,000 15%
Rs.12,00,001 to Rs.15,00,000 20%
Rs.15,00,001 and above 30%

Moreover, the following other changes have been done introduced in the Union Budget 2023$

Taxable income up to Rs.7 lakhs2 are eligible for income tax exemption through rebates available under Section 87A.

Standard deduction of Rs.50,0002 would be allowed to salaried employees under the new regime.

The new regime would be made default2 but the taxpayer can choose the old regime when filing taxes.


Eligibility for Income Tax in India


Income tax in India is payable by every person earning an income in a financial year. Under Section 2(3)4 of the Income Tax Act of 1961, a ‘person’ is defined as a natural individual as well as an artificial person or entity.

To simplify, income tax is payable by the following4

  • Individuals
  • Hindu Undivided Families
  • Corporates
  • Association of Persons
  • Body of Individuals
  • Limited Liability Partnerships
  • Firms
  • Local authorities
  • Any other artificial juridical person

That being said, income tax is payable on income that exceeds the basic threshold limit specified by the income tax department. Currently, for the financial year 2023-24, the threshold limits are as follows –

Under the old tax regime5

Individuals, Hindu Undivided Families, Associations of Persons, Bodies of Individuals, artificial juridical persons

Rs. 2.50 lakhs

Senior citizens aged between 60 and 80 years

Rs. 3 lakhs

Super senior citizens aged 80 years and above

Rs. 5 lakhs

Example of Tax Payable Under New & Old Tax Regimes

The tax payable under the new and old tax regimes can be understood with a simple example. Consider the following scenario –

An individual aged 50 years has a salary income of Rs.40 lakhs a year. He invests Rs. 1.5 lakhs in 80C and has a health insurance premium of Rs. 20,000 for his family and Rs. 30,000 for his senior citizen parents.

The net taxable income under both the regimes will be calculated as follows –

Old tax regime

New tax regime

Gross taxable income – Rs. 40 lakhs

Gross taxable income – Rs. 40 lakhs

Less: Standard deduction on salary – Rs. 50,000

Less: Standard deduction on salary – Rs. 50,000

Less: 80C deduction – Rs. 1.5 lakhs

Net taxable income – Rs. 39,50,000

Less: Health insurance deduction – Rs. 50,000


Net taxable income – Rs. 37,50,000


The tax payable would be calculated as follows –

Old tax regime

New tax regime

Up to Rs. 2.5 lakhs – Nil

Up to Rs. 3 lakhs – Nil

Rs. 2.5 lakhs to Rs. 5 lakhs – 5% = Rs. 12,500

Rs.3 lakhs to Rs. 6 lakhs – 5% = Rs. 15,000

Rs. 5 lakhs to Rs. 10 lakhs – 20% + Rs. 12,500
= Rs.112,500

Rs.6 lakhs to Rs. 9 lakhs – 10% + Rs. 15,000
= Rs. 45,000

Rs. 10 lakhs to Rs. 37,50,000 – 30% + Rs.  112,500
= Rs. 937,500

Rs. 9 lakhs to Rs. 12 lakhs – 15% + Rs. 45,000
= Rs. 90,000

Total tax payable excluding cess = Rs. 937,500

Rs. 12 lakhs to Rs. 15 lakhs – 20% + Rs. 90,000
= Rs. 1.5 lakhs


Rs. 15 lakhs to Rs. 39,50,000 – 30% + Rs. 1.5 lakhs
= Rs. 885,000


Total tax payable excluding cess = Rs. 885,000


Overview: New Tax Regime & Old Tax Regime


The Union Budget 2023 made tremendous changes in the new tax regime making it more rewarding for taxpayers. However, the old tax regime also has its benefits. So, let’s assess the pros and cons of both regimes–

Old tax regime



  • Lower tax slabs make it easier to compute tax liability.
  • You can claim a list of deductions and exemptions from your taxable income to bring down your tax liability.
  • Tax rates for higher incomes are high

New tax regime



  • Tax rebate under Section 87A is allowed for taxable incomes up to Rs. 7 lakhs
  • Lower tax rates for higher incomes
  • Most of the deductions and exemptions allowed under the old tax regime is not allowed under the new one.

If you are wondering which one you should pick, the answer depends on your income level and the tax-saving investments and expenses that you have incurred. You can calculate your tax liability under both regimes to find out which regime is offering the lowest amount. Then, choose the regime and save on the tax outgo. As salaried individuals, you can switch between the old and new tax regimes every time you file your returns.

So, assess which regime is giving you the maximum tax saving and then make the choice.

If you compare the slab rates under the new and old tax regimes, you would notice the difference. Let’s highlight the differences in the following table considering the changes made to the new regime in the Union Budget 2023$

New tax regime Old tax regime
The threshold limit for tax starts at Rs.3 lakhs The threshold limit starts at Rs.2.5 lakhs
The taxable income increases by Rs.3 lakhs after each slab till Rs.15 lakhs The taxable income increases by Rs.2.5 lakhs after the first slab and by Rs.5 lakhs after the second slab.
Taxable income of Rs.15 lakhs is taxed at 15% Taxable income of Rs.10 lakhs is taxed at 30%
The tax exemption limit for availing rebate is Rs.7 lakhs The tax exemption limit of availing rebate is Rs.5 lakhs
The tax rates are 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 30% The tax rates are 5%, 20% and 30%

Moreover, many exemptions and deductions not allowed under the new tax regime are allowed in the old tax regime. A few of the popular exemptions and deductions that are a part of the old tax regime but not the new one are:

  • Tax saving investments under chapter VI-A (80C, 80CCC,80D, 80DD,80E,80DDB,80EE,80EEA,80G,80GGA,80GG,80GGC, etc.). For eg.: life insurance premiums
  • Leave travel allowance
  • House rent allowance
  • Deductions under Section 80TTA/TTB
  • Entertainment allowance
  • Interest on housing loan
  • Donations to universities and educational institutes, etc.




Both tax systems come with benefits. The old tax regime inculcates more saving habits in you, and the new tax regime simplifies the tax process and is easy to understand. Choosing the tax regime should be based on your income tax slab, and you can use an income tax calculator to know which regime works better for you. Pay taxes on time and be a responsible citizen.




1. Do I need to file Income Tax Return (ITR) if my annual income is below Rs 2.5 lakh?

You don’t have to file ITR if your annual income is below Rs.2.5 lakhs. However, if any TDS has been deducted from your income and you want to claim the TDS refund, you will have to file the ITR for the same.

2. Can you avail of the standard deduction on a salary of Rs. 50,000 under the new tax regime?

Yes, after the changes done in the Union Budget 2023, a standard deduction of Rs.50,000 is available under the new tax regime7.

3. Who can claim a rebate under Section 87A?

Individuals and HUFs whose taxable income is up to Rs.5 lakhs in the old tax regime and Rs.7 lakhs in the new tax regime can claim a rebate under Section 87A8.

4. Are the income tax slab rates under the new tax regime the same for individuals and senior citizens?

Yes, under the new tax regime, the tax slabs are uniform for individuals and senior citizens6.

5. What are the Income Tax Slabs for NRI?

Under the old tax regime, NRIs are taxed at the same rate as resident individuals aged below 60 years.

6. What are the Income Tax Slabs for Women?

Income tax slabs for men and women are the same












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**Past performance is not indicative of future performance.

$Subject to the passing of the Finance bill in the Parliament

The above information is for general understanding and is meant to educate the general public at large. The reader will have to verify the facts, law and content with the prevailing tax statutes and seek appropriate professional advice before acting on the basis of the above information.