Introduction: Finance Minister inserted a new section 80EE relating to the additional deduction in respect of interest on loan taken for residential house property. Assessee can avail the benefits of this section in two A.Y. 2014-15 & 2015-16. Purpose of this section is to promote house ownership & give a fillip to a number of industries like steel, cement, brick, wood etc. besides jobs to thousands of construction workers.
Applicability: Benefit of this section can avail by Individual assessee. Deduction under this section is not available for any other assessee (like HUF, firm etc.). Individual can claim benefit under this section only when all the following conditions are satisfied, these are-
- Purchaser should be a first time buyer. i.e. he has never purchased any house and now he is going to purchase a house.
- Value of the house should not be more than 40 lakhs.
- Loan taken by Individual for the purpose to buy a house should not be more than 25 lakhs.
- On the date of sanction of loan individual does not have any own residential house property.
- Loan for this purpose taken by individual should be from the Financial Institution or Housing Finance Company.
- For this purpose, loan should be sanctioned between 01.04.13 to 31.03.14.
U/s 80EE (4) : Provides that where a deduction under this section is allowed for any interest payable on loan only when deduction shall not be allowed in respect of such interest under any other provisions of the Act for the same or any other assessment year.
Quantum of Deduction: Assessee can take deduction u/s 80EE on interest payable on home loan up to 1 Lakh in A.Y.2014-15. He/she can claim deduction in two assessment years. It means, if the whole amount of interest payable up to 1 lakh is not claimed as deduction in A.Y.2014-15 then the remaining balance amount up to 1 lakh can be claimed in A.Y.2015-16.Total deduction under this section shall not be more than 1 lakh.
Example: Assessee has taken a loan for the purpose of residential house property & interest payable on loan Rs. 90,000/- for the A.Y.2014-15.In this case, assessee can claim deduction 90,000/- in A.Y.2014-15 and the other remaining balance i.e. Rs. 10,000/- ,can be claimed in A.Y.2015-16
Clarification of Section 24 and 80EE:
Where the property has been acquired, constructed, repaired, renewed or reconstruction with borrowed capital, the amount of any interest payable on such capital is deductible under section 24(b), subject to the prescribed conditions.
As per Sub Section 4 section 80EE, assessee can avail deduction in respect of interest payable on loan only when assessee does not claim any deduction in respect of such interest in any other provisions of the Act.
However Finance Bill 2013 contains an announcement of additional deduction of interest on housing loan for first time buyers state that, “We propose to allow such home buyers an additional deduction of interest of Rs.100000/- to be claimed in A.Y.2014-15. If the limit is not exhausted, the balance may be claimed in A.Y.2015-16. This deduction will be over and above the deduction of Rs.1.50 lakhs allowed for self occupied properties under section 24 of the income tax Act”.
So as per above explanation there is clash between Sub section 4 of section 80EE and as per announcement under para 132.Hence, according to me, assessee may also claim additional deductions U/s 80EE apart from deduction U/s 24.
1. Deduction available to individual only not to other persons.
2. Deemed owner concept does not apply in respect of such deduction.
3. Spouse would not disqualify for relief U/s 80EE in case of residential house purchased in joint names.
4. Assessee can purchase house for both purpose .i.e. it can be for self occupied or can be Non self occupied.
5. Interest includes “any service fee or other charges in respect of money borrowed or processing fees”.
6. Date of make application to loan irrelevant but date of sanction of loan is relevant.
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